Kenya is a Parliamentary Democracy with a President who is both Head of State and Head of Government. In 2008, the Kenya Constitution was amended to provide for a Coalition Government and the post of Prime Minister was created. Henceforth, executive powers are shared between the President and Prime Minister. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the National assembly while the Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.
The President is the Head of State and Government and Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces. He is directly elected for a 5-year term limited to two terms. He appoints the Cabinet from among members of the National Assembly. The Cabinet initiates and determines national policies.
The Legislature Parliament
It is the supreme law-making body. The National Assembly has 210 elected members, each representing a constituency, twelve nominated members and two ex-officio members, namely the Speaker who is elected by the National Assembly to preside over its sessions and the Attorney General, appointed by the President. The President is a member of the National Assembly. The National Assembly plus the President are collectively known as the Parliament.
This is the body responsible for determining disputes and interpreting statutes. It is independent of both the Executive and the Legislature. The Constitution provides for the Legislative establishment of the High Court as a superior court of record having unlimited original jurisdiction in civil and criminal matters and the Court of Appeal as a superior court of record having jurisdiction and powers in relation to appeals from the High Court or as may be conferred on it by law. It also provides for the appointment of the Chief Justice, and judges of the Court of Appeal and the High Court Judges. The Constitution also establishes other courts subordinate to the High Court. The Judicial Service Commission is vested with the powers to exercise disciplinary control, over and recommend removal of judicial officers.
THE GOVERNMENT STRUCTURE: